In medium to large facilities, pumping stations are usually separate buildings. In small systems, while they can be separate buildings, they are normally associated with the treatment plant, watering point or other building.
Pumping stations in small communities are used for the following purpose:
1. Remove water from a source, such as a river, lake, reservoir, well, spring or muskeg pond.
2. Move water from the treatment plant to the distribution system or reservoir.
3. Circulate water through a distribution system.
4. Maintain pressure in the distribution system.
5. Circulate glycol through a heat exchanger or heating loop.